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The coronavirus has caused increased stress and isolation for many people. Some have turned to substance abuse or increased the quantity and frequency of drug use during the coronavirus restrictions. Others turned to new drugs if their prefered drug became more difficult to access.
More drug users were using alone due to social distancing measures, which increases the risk of overdose death since there isn’t someone to administer first aid and call for help. With in-person socializing and community-based programs temporarily closed, there were fewer in-person recovery resources available.
Zinnia Health analyzed provisional data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics on drug overdose deaths across the United States. Zinnia Health compared data collected between March 2020 and March 2021 to data from March 2019 to March 2020 to understand how drug overdose deaths changed in every state during the coronavirus. When available, the types of drugs that caused overdose deaths are included in information for each state.
Keep reading to learn how your state fared during the pandemic, or check out the national story here.
Oregon by the numbers
– Drug overdose deaths (March 2020–March 2021): 879 (+38.9% change from March 2019–2020)
— Opioid-related deaths: 541 (+56.4% change)
— Synthetic opioid-related deaths, excluding methadone: 291 (+196.9% change)
— Methadone-related deaths: 26 (-18.8% change)
— Cocaine-related deaths: 76 (+22.6% change)
— Heroin-related deaths: 198 (+20% change)
— Psychostimulant-related deaths: 411 (+41.7% change)
Since 1999, Oregon’s Pain Management Program has helped care providers, the general public, and legislators understand and manage chronic pain. Oregon Health Authority offers a Pain Care Toolbox to help prescribers and patients understand the nature of pain and key contributors such as poor sleep hygiene, negative thoughts and moods, lack of physical activity, and poor diet.
In total, drug overdose deaths in the United States rose by around 30%, totalling an estimated 96,779 people between March 2020 and March 2021. While there is national guidance from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services regarding overdose prevention, each state has its own programs and strategies to combat drug abuse and substance abuse.
Continue reading below to see the states where overdose deaths increased and decreased the most during the COVID-19 pandemic.
States where overdose deaths decreased the most
#1. South Dakota: 77 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (-16.3% change from March 2019–2020)
#2. New Hampshire: 378 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (-3.3% change from March 2019–2020)
#3. New Jersey: 2,829 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (-1.9% change from March 2019–2020)
States where overdose deaths increased the most
#1. Vermont: 211 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (+85.1% change from March 2019–2020)
#2. West Virginia: 1,443 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (+60.3% change from March 2019–2020)
#3. Kentucky: 2,269 drug overdose deaths, March 2020–March 2021 (+56.8% change from March 2019–2020)
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